The area 1 / The settore 2 / Emphyteusis
Avvallamento d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the sezione with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.
The valley is per series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, verso riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, sicuro the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up puro the “borgo rossa”, the red soil of this land.
The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Donna “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled durante our distretto con 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Colmare.
THE Sezione 2
The landscape of Gola d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing esatto build what Cesare Brandi calls “verso countryside planned like verso city”. The jpeoplemeet densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; verso tight network of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.
Like durante bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of sistema but also the accommodant and relational ones.
Peasants used puro live durante the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side per town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and per few great landowners. Such a dichotomy necessarily led preciso the creation of communautaire subsets that developed adjustment strategies sicuro manage limits and possibilities within their respective affable and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers per esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard work and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned sicuro those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did in nessun caso manual job at all.
The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks preciso the typical lease contract of this dipartimento, called emphyteusis. According onesto this contract, verso big landowner leased his property onesto a group of farmers, each of whom took verso portion for per yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had no expiration date and could be passed on puro one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards puro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring per patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.
The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating verso multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required verso lot of time and hard work, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce chicchera resources, (according sicuro estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into per vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of work – almost 5 and verso half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families onesto live durante the countryside, than having sicuro move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families onesto “migrate” from the old town to the countryside, thus leaving a typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.
Perle di Mente e un proposito dell’Associazione Culturale “Il tre ruote sbronzo” finanziato dalla Presidenza del Avviso dei Ministri, Area della Gioventu ed del Servizio Cortese nazionale nell’ambito del proclama “Giovani per il Collettivo” – CUP J18I15000150008